low fiber foods for colonoscopylow fiber foods for colonoscopy

Low-Fiber Food List and Diet Guidance

If you are looking to follow a low-fiber diet, it’s important to understand what foods you can and cannot eat. A low-fiber diet is often recommended for individuals who have certain health conditions such as Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, or after certain types of surgery. Here is a list of low-fiber foods and some guidance for following a low-fiber diet:

Low-Fiber Food List:

  1. White bread, pasta, and rice
  2. Skinless fruits like bananas, canned fruits, and melons
  3. Cooked vegetables without skins or seeds
  4. Lean meat, poultry, and fish
  5. Dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese
  6. Eggs
  7. Smooth nut butter
  8. Clear juices

Guidance for Following a Low-Fiber Diet:

  1. Limit high-fiber foods: Avoid whole grains, nuts, seeds, and raw fruits and vegetables as they are high in fiber.
  2. Read food labels: Look for products that are low in fiber and avoid those that are labeled as high-fiber or whole grain.
  3. Cook or peel fruits and vegetables: Cooking or peeling fruits and vegetables can help reduce their fiber content.
  4. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to help aid digestion and prevent constipation.
  5. Gradually introduce fiber back into your diet: Once you are ready to transition back to a regular diet, slowly reintroduce high-fiber foods to avoid digestive issues.

Remember, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider or a dietitian before making any significant changes to your diet, especially if you have a medical condition. They can provide personalized guidance and create a plan that suits your individual needs and health goals.

Limiting Fiber Throughout the Day

Identifying low-fiber foods can be tough. Fiber is in fruits, veggies, beans, and whole grains. Check nutrition labels for guidance.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center advises selecting foods with under 2 grams of fiber per serving and consuming less than 3 grams per meal for a low-fiber diet. They suggest keeping daily fiber intake below 10 grams.

Cooking Tips

Meats and vegetables should be cooked thoroughly to ensure they are tender. Different cooking techniques, such as baking, braising, microwaving, poaching, simmering, steaming, and stewing, can be used to achieve this.


Meeting nutritional needs on a low-fiber diet may be challenging. Getting enough vitamins and minerals can be difficult. Each person has unique nutritional requirements.

If following this diet for an extended period, consulting a dietitian for guidance on modifying the eating plan or incorporating vitamin supplements may be beneficial.

Fiber aids in stool bulk and smooth intestinal movement. Insufficient fiber intake could result in changes in bowel habits like diarrhea or constipation. Increasing fluid intake, particularly water, may be advised while reducing fiber consumption.

Benefits of Eating Low-Fiber Diet Foods

Different conditions require different reasons for a low-fiber diet and offer specific benefits.

Colonoscopy Prep

The purpose of a colonoscopy prep is to clear the large intestine of stool for a clear view during the procedure. This allows healthcare providers to take biopsies without obstruction.

Before the colonoscopy, a low- or lower-fiber diet may be recommended for one week to three days. Detailed instructions will be provided by a healthcare provider on how to prepare for the test.

Participants advised to follow a low-fiber diet before a colonoscopy didn’t always comply. High-fiber vegetables were the most common high-fiber foods consumed by the participants in the study.


To treat certain conditions or prepare for a test, a low-fiber diet is often recommended. Some healthcare providers may suggest a low-fiber diet for long-term management of certain conditions. However, increasing fiber intake is important for adequate vitamin and mineral consumption in many cases.

Moreover, a high-fiber diet may help lower the risk of developing certain conditions. It’s crucial to work with a healthcare provider to understand fiber requirements and how to adjust intake levels accordingly, particularly if a low-fiber diet is needed for an extended period.

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By Shani

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